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Written by TBC Staff
Not many theologians have had as great an impact on the study of peace and violence as Dietrich Bonhoeffer, who was labeled an Enemy of the State and eventually executed in April 1945. In this book, Trey Palmisano examines the theological connection between peace and violence across a range of Bonhoeffer's writings, sermons, and letters. Despite the challenges Bonhoeffer experienced in his personal life and in the life of his country, Palmisano asserts that a strong consistency emerges in Bonhoeffer's approach to ethics that resonates in the positing of Christ as the center of all ethical discourse and orients one to the ever-present challenges of a changing world. Palmisano creates distance from former studies that sought to define Bonhoeffer as a committed pacifist, a situational pacifist, or one who compromised his values to accommodate an exception for violence. By prioritizing methodology as the key to interpreting Bonhoeffer's thought, Palmisano argues that the ethical dilemma thought to be caused by Bonhoeffer's actions is avoided. The result is one that creates an authentic ethical openness by responsiveness to Christ rather than Christian virtue, and frees the individual from redundancies of action derived from deeply embedded patterns of theological engagement.
"Dietrich Bonhoeffer has become a hero to many Christians and denominations and it seems he is like St. Francis in that everyone thinks that he is on their team. Trey Palmisano will rip Bonhoeffer from such customary colonizations and give him back to you -- as he was, unadorned, full of complexity, and a man for his context. Bonhoeffer's peace ethic, explored here with exquisite care in a christological center, becomes a challenge not a prescription, a contextualized example not a model to copy, and a theological ethic at its best."
- Scot McKnight, Julius T. Manley Professor of New Testament, Northern Seminary
"In the continuing and important discussion of how to understand Bonhoeffer's emphasis on peace alongside his participation in a conspiracy against Hitler, Palmisano's contribution is significant. His careful attention to Bonhoeffer's theological and ethical concerns and his patient working with Bonhoeffer's texts give rise to a well-founded and nuanced interpretation which commands notice and respect."
- Jennifer Moberly, Tutor, Cramner Hall, Durham University, Author of The Virtue of Bonhoeffer's Ethics
Written by Kristen Padilla
More than 140 Beeson Divinity School faculty, staff, and students gathered in Andrew Gerow Hodges Chapel on Tuesday, September 15, for the first and only Finkenwalde Day.
Finkenwalde Day came a month into Beeson Divinity’s fall semester theme, “Finkenwalde: In the School of Bonhoeffer,” a focus on German theologian Dietrich Bonhoeffer’s vision of theological education. Finkenwalde was a town in Nazi Germany that is most associated with Bonhoeffer’s seminary. It was home to the seminary longer than any other location (1935-37).
“From the beginning of Beeson Divinity School Bonhoeffer and his experiment in theological education, centered at Finkenwalde, has been an important paradigm for us,” said Timothy George, founding dean of Beeson Divinity. “So this semester we are giving a whole semester to looking at aspects of Bonhoeffer and his vision of theological education. … To my knowledge this is the first time any theological school has actually tried to live out a whole day in the Finkenwalde seminary that Bonhoeffer was leading.”
The day was designed around themes, such as silence, meditation, and recreation, which Bonhoeffer thought were essential for the building of Christian community and ones that he outlined in his book, “Life Together,” which he wrote during his time as a seminary director.
“He thought all this (prayer, meditation, silence, worship, Scripture reading, recreation, eating a meal together) was really important for formation of ministers of the gospel,” George said. “It was an effort to enter into the spirit of theological formation that was at the heart of Bonhoeffer’s vision. We thought we would actually not just study about it, read about it, think about it, but actually do it for a whole day. And we did.”
The day began with morning prayer and worship based on Psalm 119:1-24, followed by two lectures from divinity faculty, Piotr Malysz (“Being the Church in God’s World”) and Frank Thielman (“Justification and Ministry”). The traditional time of student mentoring groups provided an opportunity for more personal reflection and prayer.
The 11 a.m. weekly chapel service included a message on Hebrews 4:1-4 by professor of divinity Doug Webster (“Vision Over Visibility”), Holy Communion, the singing of African-American spirituals – a favorite of Bonhoeffer, and a benediction sung in Hebrew of the Aaronic Benediction (Numbers 6:22-26) by Rob Willis, divinity media and technology manager. A catered-community lunch followed the chapel service with faculty members serving students and staff.
“As the day unfolded, I watched in awe at how God touched many different people to assist, serve, and share in the body of Christ,” said Victoria Gaston, curator of Hodges Chapel and organizer of the day. “To focus on a day in the life of a seminary far from us, in a different time, brought forth the appreciation of the unique positon Beeson Divinity School holds in the churchas a seminary that is both evangelical and ecumenical.”
The majority of the afternoon was spent doing recreational activities. The Beeson community came together by playing board games, outdoor games, walking, singing and making music, or watching a film.
“During the recreation portion of our day, I came across a group of students playing and singing worship music in the chapel,” said co-organizer Christy Harper, assistant curator of Hodges Chapel and coordinator of alumni relations. “While they sounded amazing, even more special was seeing them share together in creating music and discovering talents about their classmates and friends that they never had seen or heard before.”
The day concluded with a worship service led by professor of divinity Robert Smith Jr. and the congregational singing of the well-known spiritual, “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot.”
“The experience of Finkenwalde Day, by walking in the daily shoes of Dietrich Bonhoeffer's seminary students, enabled me to see what true community looks like within the context of doing life together,” said Hunter Upton, Beeson first-year student. “Through our time of prayer, solitude and worship, lunch with the whole Beeson family, mentor group meetings, and recreation, I better understand what it means to live a balanced life in ministry of the Gospel of Jesus Christ to the Church.”
Dean Timothy George launched Beeson's 2015-2016 focus--Finkenwalde: In the School of Bonhoeffer--in a chapel address which can be seen below. Also below is an informational video for the new Divinity Commons' Sandy Brinson room, designed to maximize life together for the seminary community.